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China

Covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometres, China is the world's second-largest country by land area, but only the third or fourth-largest by total area, dependent on whether the surface areas of various inland bodies of water such as the Great Lakes are included in the total area of a country. China's landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes and the Gobi and Taklamakan deserts in the arid north to subtropical forests in the wetter south. The Himalaya, Karakoram, Pamir and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third- and sixth-longest in the world, run from the Tibetan Plateau to the densely populated eastern seaboard. China's coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometres (9,000 mi) long, and is bounded by the Bohai, Yellow, East and South China Seas.

Fact File

Geography

Location: Eastern Asia, bordering the East China Sea, Korea Bay, Yellow Sea, and South China Sea, between North Korea and Vietnam.

Area:
Total: 9,596,960 sq km (slightly smaller than the US)
Land: 9,326,410 sq km
Water: 270,550 sq km

Land Boundaries:
Border Countries: Afghanistan 76 km, Bhutan 470 km, Burma 2,185 km, India 3,380 km, Kazakhstan 1,533 km, North Korea 1,416 km, Kyrgyzstan 858 km, Laos 423 km, Mongolia 4,677 km, Nepal 1,236 km, Pakistan 523 km, Russia (northeast) 3,605 km, Russia (northwest) 40 km, Tajikistan 414 km, Vietnam 1,281 km regional borders: Hong Kong 30 km, Macau 0.34 km.

Capital: Beijing

Climate: extremely diverse; tropical in south to subarctic in north.

Terrain: mostly mountains, high plateaus, deserts in west; plains, deltas, and hills in east.

Natural Resources:
Coal, iron ore, petroleum, natural gas, mercury, tin, tungsten, antimony, manganese, molybdenum, vanadium, magnetite, aluminium, lead, zinc, uranium, hydropower potential (world's largest).

People

Population: 1,330,044,544

Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Manchu, Hui, Miao, Uyghur, Tujia, Yi, Mongol, Tibetan, Buyi, Dong, Yao, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5% (2000 census).

Languages: Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghainese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages.

Economy:

Currency: Renminbi (RMB); note - also referred to by the unit Yuan (CNY).

Visa:

You can gather more details on obtaining a visa for China by visiting: www.visaforchina.org.uk








You can gather more details on obtaining a visa for China by visiting: www.visaforchina.org.uk

Regions

Bejing

At the historical heart of Beijing lies the Forbidden City, the enormous palace compound that was the home of the emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties

Xian

The culture of Xi`an descends from one of the world's earliest civilizations. The Guanzhong Ren culture is considered the cultural antecedent of Xi`anese

Guilin

Guilin is a prefecture-level city in the northeast of the Guangxi Zhuang, situated on the west bank of the Li River, and bordering Hunan to the north.

Places to see

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TIANANMEN SQUARE
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FORBIDDEN CITY
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SUMMER PALACE
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GREAT WALL
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DING MAUSOLEUM
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TERRA COTTA WARRIORS MUSEUM
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BANPO MUSEUM
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GREAT MOSQUE
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MING DYNASTY CITY WALL
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BIG WILD GOOSE PAGODA
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SHANNXI HISTORICAL MUSEUM
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ELEPHANT TRUNK HILL
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REED FLUTE CAVE
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MOON HILL
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BIG BANYAN TREE
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YUGARDEN
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JADE BUDDHA TEMPLE
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THE BUND
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SUZHOU
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LINGERING GARDEN
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GRAND CANAL
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TIGER HILL
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Itinerary Ideas: China

Bejing to Shanghai 10 days

9 Nights / 10 DaysDay 1: Beijing (/ /Dinner)Arrival transfer to the HotelDay 2: Beijing (Breakfast/Lunch/ - )Tour of the Forbidden City and the Temple of HeavenDay 3: Beijing/Xian (Breakfast/Lunch/ -)Tour of the Great Wall and the Sacred Way of Ming Tombs, the Jade Museum and [...]

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Bejing to Shanghai 13 days

Day 1: Beijing (Dinner)Arrival transfer to the HotelDay 2: Beijing (Breakfast - Lunch)Tour of the Forbidden City and the Temple of HeavenDay 3: Beijing/Xian (Breakfast - Lunch)Tour of the Great Wall and the Sacred Way of Ming Tombs, the Jade Museum and the photo stop at the [...]

SIEM REAP